Add Onion domain to your website

This entry will show you, how to configure onion domain for your website. This will allow access to your website through the Tor protocol, using .onion domain. Facebook did something similar. I decided that my site will also be available on the Tor network. You can reach 0ut3r Space using it standard address which is http://0ut3r.space and now also using
http://reycdxyc24gf7jrnwutzdn3smmweizedy7uojsa7ols6sflwu25ijoyd.onion/
To open onion address you need to use Tor Browser.

Onion

Installing Tor

Edit sources.list:

1
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

and add Tor repository (here you can find list of actual Tor repositories)

1
2
deb https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org stretch main
deb-src https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org stretch main

Add repository keys:

1
2
gpg2 --recv A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89
gpg2 --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | apt-key add -

Update package list and install Tor:

1
sudo apt update && sudo apt install tor

Tor configuration

Edit Tor configuration file to look like this (don’t forget to open HiddenService port on your firewall, in below example it is set to 8123):

1
2
3
4
5
SocksPort 9050
RunAsDaemon 1
HiddenServiceDir /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/
HiddenServiceVersion 3
HiddenServicePort 80 127.0.0.1:8123

You can also use old version 2 or version 2 and 3 in same time but it is recommended to use next-gen onions version 3.

Now restart Tor:

1
sudo service tor restart

In folder /var/lib/tor/hidden_service/ you can find your onion domain private key.

Inside file called hostname you will find your onion domain address.

Nginx Configuration

Next to your virtual host file create another one for onion configuration.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
server {
listen 127.0.0.1:8123;
}

root /var/www/yourwebsite;

index index.html index.htm index.php;

server_name youronionaddress.onion;

}

Modify your hidden service port and root folder for your website. Server name should be set to your onion domain. By default, this file should look the same as the configuration of your page except the above changes, so don’t forget about php configuration and other setting you are using on your server.

Save this file and create link to activate this configuration.

1
sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/youronionconfiguration /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/youronionconfiguration

Test Nginx configuration

1
sudo nginx -t

and if everything is ok restart web server

1
sudo service nginx restart

Now your website is visible in both networks. As standard domain in Internet and as onion domain in Tor network. You can find more about configuring Onion service in official documentation.